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Childhood Milestones Year Five.

Your child is going to start kindergarten soon.  Are they meeting their milestones?  Contact us today for a speech therapy, physical therapy, or occupational therapy appointment today if they are not meeting their milestones.

Child Milestones Year Five


Gross Motor Skills

  • Skips using opposing arms and legs for at least 10 feet while maintaining balance
  • Roller skates
  • Bounces and catches small ball
  • Kicks ball at least 12 feet
  • Rides bike with training wheels
  • Stands on either foot with eyes closed for at least 5 seconds, eyes open for at least 10 seconds
  • Dribbles a ball walking forward
  • Jumps forward 36 feet

Interesting Fact: Childhood development experts generally say that a reasonable attention span to expect of a child is two to three minutes per year of their age. That’s the period of time for which a typical child can maintain focus on a given task.

Fine Motor Skills/Visual Motor Skills

  • Colors between lines
  • Cut basic and complex shapes on the line without deviations
  • Completes simple dot-to-dot pictures
  • Copies color/shape sequences
  • Draws triangle and X
  • Imitates writing first name
  • Draw a human figure with at least 8 parts


  • Dresses self with correct orientation
  • Ties shoes independently
  • Completes fasteners on self (snap, button, zipper clasp)
  • Puts belt through loops
  • Bathes self with help to fill tub and wash hair for safety
  • Brushes teeth with follow up from parent for thoroughness

Interesting Fact: Milestones develop in a sequence fashion. This means that a child would need to develop some skills before he or she can develop new skills.

Oral Motor Skills & Feeding

  • Eats a variety of food textures from all food groups
  • Can eat a meal with the rest of the family, within 30-40 minutes
  • Willing to try new foods
  • Sufficient at using utensils at mealtime
  • Takes appropriate bites of food, does not overstuff mouth
  • Can drink from an open cup, straw, or water bottle without spilling
  • Chews food sufficient enough that does not result in chocking, or gagging
  • Does not pocket food in cheeks

Speech & Communication

  • Uses a variety of sentences
  • Has a vocabulary of 2000 or more words
  • Uses all speech sounds correctly
  • Is 100% intelligible
  • Asks questions to get more information
  • Can describe objects and carry a plot when telling a story
  • Can follow multi-step directions without repetition
  • Demonstrates good eye contact

Interesting Fact: Research has shown that children who are read to by their parents have a larger vocabulary than other children.

Sensory & Sleeping

  • Starts to feel sensitive about how others feel about them
  • Plays in different textures including glue, finger paint, and sand
  • Enjoys playing on jungle gym equipment such as swings, rock wall, trampoline, and slide
  • Is aware of risky and unsafe behaviors
  • Easily adapts to changes in routine
  • Usually able to self-calm to fall asleep
  • Has an established sleep schedule
  • Tolerant of haircuts and nail trims
  • Tolerant of new clothes and various clothing textures


  • Interest in simple board games, competitive games, cooperative games; understands rules of fair play
  • Compromises to facilitate group play
  • Plays with a single object or theme for 15+ minutes
  • Demonstrates understanding of others’ feelings
  • Costumes and props are more important for pretend play; emphasis is on reality than imaginary
  • Begins interest in making recognizable products; attends to detail when constructing and making it useful
  • Compromises to facilitate group play

Interesting Fact: Your child should be able to recite their full name, age, and address by the age of 7.

Best Toys at This Age

  • Twister game
  • Board games that encourage turn taking, group play, and playing fair
  • Child size corn hole or ring toss
  • Hopscotch
  • Bike
  • Two wheeled scooters
  • Zoomball
  • Dot-to-dot and word search books
  • Simon Says
  • Roller Skates
  • Balls of all sizes
  • Puzzles
  • Crafts – color, cut, paste, paint
  • Legos
  • Action Figures
  • Play Kitchen
  • Dolls / Doll House

Interesting Fact: Each child is an individual and may meet developmental milestones earlier or later than their peers and/or siblings.

Red Flags

  • Poor coordination of two sides of the body (jumping jacks)
  • Avoids crossing the midline of their body
  • Delayed hand dominance or mature grasping pattern for handwriting
  • Difficulty identifying uppercase letters
  • Left-Right confusion
  • Difficulty manipulating small objects such as coins into a piggy bank
  • Inability to assume and hold “dead bug” or “superman” position
  • Difficulty answering questions with more detail
  • Unintelligible when speaking
  • Uninterested in playing with others
  • Extreme fears that interfere with daily activities

Pre-School Readiness

Emotional Maturity

  • Separates from parents without difficulty
  • Maintains attention to classroom activities
  • Makes eye contact with adults
  • Independently chooses activities of interest
  • Behavior is easily redirected
  • Uses words to express wants and needs versus using actions/aggressive behavior
  • Able to use words to tell stories, share ideas and express feelings

Social Maturity

  • Plays by him or herself
  • Plays next to a peer
  • Cooperates when playing in a group
  • Takes turns
  • Shows concern for friends
  • Helps friends when needed
  • Adapt easily to change of routine

Cognitive/Literacy Skills

  • Recognizes first name when written
  • Able to print first name
  • Able to print last name
  • Recite the ABC’s
  • Able to name capital letters
  • Able to name lowercase letters
  • Knows letter sounds
  • Identifies rhyming words (i.e., cat / hat)

Math Skills

  • Able to count to 10
  • Identifies numbers 1-10
  • Identifies shapes
  • Knows their colors
  • Understand concepts of over, under, above, below and through

Science Skills

  • Identifies all the parts of the body
  • Identifies all 5 senses (sight, smell, taste, touch and hearing)

Gross Motor Skills - 3 to 4 year olds

  • Navigate a set of stairs with alternating pattern
  • Catching a large ball with hands only from 5 feet away
  • Jumps forward 26 inches
  • Throws a ball overhand to hit target 5 feet away
  • Hops 3-5x on each foot

Gross Motor Skills - 4 to 4.5 year olds

  • Gallop 10 feet
  • Skips 8 feet
  • Rides a 2 wheeled bike with training wheels
  • Catches a small ball with hands only from 5 feet away
  • Pumps self on swing
  • Able to jump over a partner turned rope
  • Jumps over 10-inch hurdle
  • Imitates 4 positions

Gross Motor Skills - 5 year olds

  • Stands on one foot for 10 seconds
  • Performs 10 jumping jacks with coordination
  • Rides a 2 wheeled bike without training wheels

Fine Motor Skills - 3 to 4 year olds

  • Traces around the edges of basic shapes
  • Copies a horizontal line and circle
  • Makes continuous cuts with child-safe scissors
  • Dresses self with help with fasteners
  • Can put on/ take off coat
  • Puts shoes on correct feet
  • Fastens large buttons
  • Brushes own teeth
  • Draws a person with 3 different body parts
  • Cuts a piece of paper in half with scissors
  • Uses restroom independently

Fine Motor Skills - 4 to 4.5 year olds

  • Puts socks on correctly
  • Traces simple shapes (i.e.., circle, square, triangle, rectangle)
  • Draws simple shapes (i.e.., circle, square, triangle, rectangle)
  • Cuts out simple shapes (i.e.., circle, square, triangle, rectangle)
  • Cuts on a line
  • Holds scissors correctly
  • Zips most zippers

Fine Motor Skills - 5 year olds

  • Prints first name
  • Draws a person with 6 or more different parts
  • Cuts well with scissors
  • Uses pincer grasp with pencil
  • Shows hand preference

Language Skills - 3-4 year olds

  • Follows simple 3-step related commands (i.e.., get your coat off the hook, put it on and get in line)
  • Begins to use adjectives for color and size
  • Responds to “wh- “questions (who, what, where, when, why)
  • Asks many questions
  • Uses most speech sounds correctly
  • Will put toys away when asked
  • Will follow directions to get own items like pencil, book, coat

Language Skills - 5 year olds

  • Appropriate eye contact
  • Pretend plays
  • Initiates simple greetings
  • Does well with sharing and taking turns
  • Asks for permission
  • Can carry a plot when telling a story
  • Understands time concepts (yesterday, today, first, then, next, last week)